THE THREE PROCESSES

Wet Air or Aqueous Phase Oxidation is one of the basic processes used by the Company which has the ability to treat input materials by injecting Oxygen under pressure. In this operation the depth of the Gravity Pressure Vessel used is kept below 2190 metres and thus the Critical Point of Water. The oxygen injected oxidises the materials such as Waste Water (Sewage) Treatment Works Sludge to effect a total destruction of the organic materials (the Biomass) with the resulting production of energy to be reclaimed as Heat and Electricity. The process is fully enclosed and so it does not release odours or smell or production of toxic chemicals. Even the residues it produces, representing around 2 to 5% of the input stream, is fully passivated and can be re-used as a bulking filler in the production of concrete or bricks and even road fill without the need for any environmental concerns. The process is fully regarded as complying with zero waste to land fill. The energy output from the process exceeds that required by a large amount and represents a positive benefit to the process his energy can then be captured and converted to electricity. The process is totally clean and offers a cost-effective solution to treat such materials at a fraction of the cost of the more traditional routes.

Super-Critical Wet Air Oxidation extends the second process extends the process options available to the Company. It operates above e the Critical Point of Water and is used to treat very difficult compounds firstly isolating and then destroying them. For this operation the Gravity Pressure Vessel is kept above the thresh hold of 2200 metres.  It is particularly useful in the processing and destruction of very toxic chemicals such as those presented for destruction as the Poly-Chlorinated Biphenyls (PCBs) or Furans and Dioxins (at 3000 metres) as well as in the reduction of Oil-Based Chlorinated Plastics to Reclaim Oil. Again the processing produces an excess of energy which can be reclaimed as Heat and Electricity. The process can be an enhancement to traditional Aqueous Phase Oxidation by Pressurising the system above the Critical Point of Water and this option is a crucial benefit for extending the operational ability of the first system over time.

For the third process Dilute Acid Hydrolysis the processing employs the use of Partial Wet Air Oxidation of Biomass coupled with Hydrolysis using a Dilute Acid. In this process operation the depth of the Gravity Pressure Vessel is maintained below 735 metres since the process does not need the pressure equivalent to wet air/ or Aqueous Phase Oxidation. This is because the first need is to stabilise the temperature at 240 oCelsius prior to the application of the catalyst the Dilute Acid and then the neutralisation by an equivalent alkali and then the need to rapidly reduce the temperature of he solution to eliminate further reactions after the Refraction and Depolymerisation of the input Biomass to the Saccharides. The Saccharides extracted from the process can then be used in a variety of ways to make end-products that include the Renewable fuels Fuels and Other Products. This process is totally clean and also offers a cost-effective method to Convert Non-Food based Biomass to the Renewable Fuels (and other products) for the Beneficial Use of Society in a manner which is equally Environmentally Acceptable and Affordable.